Don E. Gibbons, Ph.D., NJ Licensed Psychologist #03513
This Blog is published for information and educational purposes only. No warranty, expressed or implied, is furnished with respect to the material contained in this Blog. The reader is urged to consult with his/her physician or a duly licensed mental health professional with respect to the treatment of any medical or psychological condition.

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The New Center for Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC

The New Center for Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC, is located at 675 Route 72 E Manahawkin, NJ 08050. Telephone us at(609)709-2043 and (609) 709-0009.Take Mill Creek Road South, just off Route 72, on the road to Beach Haven West.After about 400 feet, turn right into the office complex of Greater Coastal Realty. Then turn right and go past the Lyceum Gyn. Continue on to the Prudential Zack Building. We. are the last office at the end. We accept Medicare and most other major insurance.Weekend and evening office hours are avalable.

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Monday, May 29, 2017

The Psychology of Humor

Which of the following jokes do you find amusing? Are there any that you just don't get, or are repulsed by?

Did I read that sign right? 
_____________________________________________TOILET OUT OF ORDER. PLEASE USE FLOOR BELOW_____________________________________________In a Laundromat:AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINES: PLEASE REMOVE ALL YOUR CLOTHES WHEN THE LIGHT GOES OUT____________________________________________________
In a London department store:BARGAIN BASEMENT UPSTAIRS 
____________________________________________________
In an office:WOULD THE PERSON WHO TOOK THE STEP LADDER YESTERDAY, PLEASE BRING IT BACK, OR FURTHER STEPS WILL BE TAKEN._____________________________________________In an office:AFTER TEA BREAK, STAFF SHOULD EMPTY THE TEAPOT AND STAND UPSIDE DOWN ON THE DRAINING BOARD._____________________________________________
Outside a second hand shop: WE EXCHANGE ANYTHING - BICYCLES, WASHING MACHINES, ETC. WHY NOT BRING YOUR WIFE ALONG AND GET A WONDERFUL BARGAIN?_______________________________________
Notice in Health Food shop window:CLOSED DUE TO ILLNESS._______________________________________
Spotted in a safari park: (I sure hope so)
ELEPHANTS PLEASE STAY IN YOUR CAR_______________________________________
Seen during a conference:FOR ANYONE WHO HAS CHILDREN AND DOESN'T KNOW IT, THERE IS A DAY CARE ON THE 1ST FLOOR._______________________________________
Notice in a farmer's field:THE FARMER ALLOWS WALKERS TO CROSS THE FIELD FOR FREE, BUT THE BULL CHARGES._______________________________________
Message on a leaflet:IF YOU CANNOT READ, THIS LEAFLET WILL TELL YOU HOW TO GET LESSONS._______________________________________
On a repair shop door:WE CAN REPAIR ANYTHING. (PLEASE KNOCK HARD ON THE DOOR - THE BELL DOESN'T WORK)_______________________________________
Proofreading is a dying art, wouldn't you say?
Man Kills Self, Before Shooting Wife and Daughter_____________________________________________
This one I caught in the SGV Tribune the other day and called the Editorial Room and asked who wrote this.
It took two or three readings before the editor realized that what he was reading was impossible!
They put in a correction the next day.
Something Went Wrong in Jet Crash, Expert SaysReally? Ya think?___________________________________
Police Begin Campaign to Run Down JaywalkersNow that's taking things a bit far!____________________________________________________
Panda Mating Fails; Veterinarian Takes OverWhat a guy!_____________________________________________
Miners Refuse to Work after DeathNo-good-for-nothing' lazy so-and-so's!____________________________________________________
Juvenile Court to Try Shooting DefendantSee if that works any better than a fair trial!________________________________________
War Dims Hope for PeaceI can see where it might have that effect!____________________________________________________
If Strike Isn't Settled Quickly, It May Last AwhileYa think?!____________________________________________________
Cold Wave Linked to TemperaturesWho would have thought!____________________________________________________
Enfield (London) Couple Slain; Police Suspect HomicideThey may be on to something!____________________________________________________
Red Tape Holds Up New BridgesYou mean there's something stronger than duct tape?____________________________________________________
Man Struck By Lightning: Faces Battery ChargeHe probably IS the battery charge!____________________________________________________
New Study of Obesity Looks for LargerTest GroupWeren't they fat enough?!-____________________________________________________
Astronaut Takes Blame for Gas
in Spacecraft
That's what he gets for eating those beans!____________________________________________________
Kids Make Nutritious SnacksDo they taste like chicken?________________________________________
Local High School Dropouts Cut in HalfChainsaw Massacre all over again!____________________________________________________
Hospitals are Sued by 7 Foot DoctorsBoy, are they tall!____________________________________________________
And the winner is...Typhoon Rips Through Cemetery; Hundreds DeadDid I read that right?____________________________________________________

Don't laugh, but, the "Mirth Response Test" is aimed at examining the psychodynamic reasons why people tend to laugh at, not get, or be grossed out by, a particular joke. The idea is that laughter releases tension in areas which people might be conflicted about -- which is why so much humor deals with sexual topics. If there is just a moderate amount of conflict, you find it funny. If there is too much conflict, as might be expected in the idea of eating children, you might either be grossed out by it, or not get it at all because the notion is so repugnant.  (A less conflict-laden joke of this type might be, "I love animals. They're delicious!) If someone is inclined to laugh at the one about, "use floor below.,"  in the list above, it might be because . . . well, you get the idea.

On the other hand, sometimes a joke is just a joke, as illustrated by the story of a man who opened refrigerator door to find a live rabbit inside, calmly munching on a carrot. "What are you doing here?" he asked incredulously, 

"What does it say on the door?" asked the rabbit.

"It says 'Westinghouse," the man replied.

"Well," said the rabbit, "I'm westing."  

Maybe we ought to just let the matter "west " there. . . . 

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Lessons from Turning a Hypnotized Person into a Chicken

"Help! I'm a student in Dr. Gibbons' Introductory Psychology class!"
When I first opened my psychology practice in Manahawkin, New Jersey, one of my first hypnosis clients asked me, "You aren't going to turn me into al chicken, are you?"

"No," I replied, somewhat taken aback. 'That's for stage hypnotists. If I did it, it wouldn't be professional." But I did once. . . .

Several years ago, when I was discussing the topic of hypnosis in an Introductory Psychology class, I asked a student who had volunteered in a previous demonstration if she would be willing to help me illustrate how easy it was to turn a hypnotized person into a chicken. She readily agreed, and at the conclusion of an induction, I told her that I would count backwards from ten to one, and that at the count of one she would have been turned into a chicken.

"You will always be able to hear and to respond to my voice," I continued, "and I will return you to your normal state in a few minutes, before I bring you out of hypnosis. But until I do, you will experience the world exactly as if you had been turned into a chicken. You will remember everything I have said, and it will be a thoroughly enjoyable experience. Okay?"

She nodded in agreement, and I counted slowly backwards from ten to one, providing suggestions along the way that she could feel herself changing into a chicken; and at the count of one, I announced that she had become a chicken. "Would you like to open your eyes and walk around a bit?" I asked. She did so, walking slowly as I took hold of her elbow. "Why are you walking like that?" I asked.

"I'm a chicken," she answered in a high, cackly voice, much to the amusement of the class.

I guided her back to her desk, counted from one to ten to restore usual perceptions, and then concluded the hypnotic demonstration. I then asked her if she had really felt like she was a chicken, and she slowly and thoughtfully nodded in agreement. 

But if she really believed that she was a chicken, why did she not scurry away in fear as soon as I approached her desk? Why did she allow me to slowly walk her around the room, limping slightly, instead of struggling to get away, as a real chicken would surely do? Why did she answer my question about why she was limping by answering, "I'm a chicken!?" And why were the suggestions so easy to undo, as if she understood English as well as she ever did?

We could talk about a "hidden observer" that always knows what's going on and maintains control, no how matter deeply a person is hypnotized, as Hilgard did. We could talk about "trance logic," which is similar to the logic which is found in dreams, as Martin Orne did. But why should we infer the presence of any fancy mental processes when they are not needed?

What she had actually believed and responded toIMHO, was the narrative of what had taken place! She knew that she was a student in my class, and she knew that she had consented for me to hypnotize her. She still had the kind of "Alice-in-Wonderland" imagination which we all have as children, but most of us lose as we become adults. Therefore, she was also able to act, think, and feel as if she were a chicken for the purpose of a class demonstration.  

The demonstration described here was undertaken in the spirit of fun, and everyone understood that. However, as  long as the suggested narratives are real to the person who undergoes them, their transformational effects on the personality can be powerful indeed! With our adult ability to conceptualize, we can build an almost unlimited number of resource states, in an unlimited number of parallel universes in which anything that can happen really does happen,. In the words of the mystical poet, William Blake, experiential hypnosis enables us, 


To see a world in a grain of sand,
Or a Heaven in a wild flower.
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand,
And Eternity in an hour.

Infinity? No problem. Eternity? Check. "Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, and eternity in an hour?" Hang on, here we go. , , ,

See also:

What is Hypnosis and How does it Work?


Print Reference

Sarbin, T. R., & De Rivera, J. (1998),  Believed-in imaginings: The Narrative Construction of Reality (Memory, Trauma, Dissociation, and Hypnosis) . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.




Shakespeare, the Dalai Lama, and the Serenity Prayer


The traditional Eastern view of life may be summed up as follows:




The Western view, on the other hand, might be expressed in the words of Shakespeare:

To be or not to be, that is the question.
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to bear the slings and arrows of an outrageous fortune,
Or to take up arms against a sea of troubles
And, by opposing, end them.

A modern version of this view is expressed in the following video:  



Who is right? If we were never willing "to take up arms against a sea of troubles," slavery would still exist, wives would always remain submissive to abusive husbands, and democracy would never have come into existence. On the other hand, for a small child growing up in an alcoholic and abusive home, a person toiling in dead-end jobs with no hope of getting another one, a prisoner serving a life sentence, or a patient in a hospice with a terminal illness, their only hope may be to turn inward in the quest for happiness and inner peace. 

For most of us, one answer may be appropriate in one situation or time in life, while the other answer may be appropriate at another time. I once had a Buddhist client with multiple  personalities, who told me that in Tibetan Buddhism you choose your parents according to what they can teach you. "I must have had to learn an awful lot," she told me. She sure did!  

A practical guide to making the appropriate choice is suggested in the following "Serenity Prayer" by theologian Reinhold Niebuhr, which has been adopted by Alcoholics Anonymous and other twelve-step organizations:

God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change,
The courage to change the things I can,
And wisdom to know the difference.


What is Hypnosis and How does it Work?

  



When you're hypnotized you're still you-- but with the added suggestion that you are hypnotized. If you happen to have an "Alice-in-Wonderland" imagination (and some people do without realizing it), then accepting the suggestion that you are hypnotized makes it possible for you to experience things with your imagination which we normally regard as beyond our abilities, as depicted in the picture above. 


Shakespeare said, "All the world's a stage. And the men and women merely players." Today, sociologists and social psychologists conceive of society as an interlocking pattern of social roles, which vary in their degree of organismic involvement, depending on the person and the situation: a customer buying a newspaper, someone being cited for breaking a traffic ordinance, a bride and groom in a wedding ceremony, or a victim actually dying under the perceived influence of a voodoo spell, which the late Ted Sarbin referred to as "role taking to the death."

Sarbin regarded hypnosis ia as a social role, and he defined hypnotizability as "role taking aptitude." The degree of organismic involvement in hypnotic role taking also varies, of course, depending on the person, the situation, and prevailing cultural expectations. This explains how, in Mesmer's time, people went into convulsions and fainted. Now, in accordance with prevailing cultural expectations, they usually experience a trance -- unless it is specifically suggested that they will not, as in hyperempiria. 

When it comes to bringing about permanent changes, if the necessary ingredients for change in the narrative of one's personal life are present, then accepting the suggestion that one is hypnotized can make it possible to change this narrative more easily. For example, a nurse I used to work with in a screening center asked me to hypnotize her to stop smoking, which I was happy to do. She mentioned that one of her high school teachers used to hypnotize her regularly (apparently as a demonstration subject in his classes), so it was clear that she was imaginatively gifted. 

We didn't have time for the usual stop-smoking program that I use, with three visits and all the rest. But, knowing her as I did, it was clear that if she was ready to stop she was going to do so, with hypnosis providing the necessary catalyst regardless of the time and format which were available to us -- so I just gave her the usual stop-smoking suggestions, with the usual repetition and elaboration. As I recall, I told her that her desire to smoke would vanish, that the cues which would normally awaken a desire to smoke would no longer be effective in doing so; that she could not be suddenly surprised by taking a cigarette without thinking of it; and that she would feel strong feelings of pride, achievement, and accomplishment at the fact that she had become a non-smoker, 

To my consternation, the next day, when I asked her how she had done, and she told me that she had gone home and smoked an entire pack of cigarettes! But six months later, when I casually mentioned something about her smoking, she told me, "Oh, I haven't smoked since the time you hypnotized me."`

"But didn't you go home and smoke up a whole pack?" I asked her.

"Yes," she replied. "And then I stopped."


Having worked side by side on the same unit with her for quite some time, I realized why she had responded the way she did. Her approach to authority was basically confrontational. In her everyday work environment, she made it obvious to everyone around her that, "Nobody's going to tell ME what to do!" So, when I gave her suggestions under hypnosis that she was going to stop smoking, her life narrative required that she had to first go home and deliberately smoke up a whole pack just to prove that I wasn't telling HER what to do. Then, once she had made the point to her own satisfaction, she could comply with my suggestions because she was ready to change. 





`See also:


Print Sources


Gibbons, D. E., & Lynn, S. J. (2010). Hypnotic inductions: A primer. in S. J. Lynn, J. W. Rhue, & I. Kirsch (Eds.) Handbook of clinical hypnosis, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, pp. 267-291.  



Gibbons, D. E. (2000). Applied hypnosis and hyperempiria. Lincoln, NE: Authors Choice Press (originally published 1979 by Plenum Publishing Co.).


Sarbin, T. R., & De Rivera, J. (1998),  Believed-in imaginings: The Narrative Consruction of Reality (Memory, Trauma, Dissociation, and Hypnosis) . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.



Monday, May 22, 2017

When You're Just too Depressed to DO Much


You're not suicidal. If you needed prescription medication, you're taking it.  But you just don't feel like DOING anything! And if you have a job or someplace else you need to be, you don't feel like going.  What can you do when your depression is serious enough to spoil your day, but not serious enough to seek prompt medical attention?

You obviously don't feel too depressed to be on the computer, but you could probably use some advice from people who know exactly how you feel. I would like to recommend that you begin with the Ted Talk on You Tube entitled, "How to Get Stuff Done When You're Depressed."  Then, while your depression is on the mend (and one thing that you can count on most of the time is that it will go away), you can help to cheer yourself up by watching four more videos from  their playlist on the subject of depressoon  They have dozens more, if you're still interested, both on the subject of depression and its treatment.

You might also be interested in:

How to Get a Good Night's Sleep 

How to Keep  Your Boss feom Driving You Crazy

Emergency First Aid for Panic Attacks

How to Meditate Like an Expert Almost Anywhere

Saturday, May 6, 2017

Predicting the Path of Sciientific Revolutions

Scientific progress appears to depend less upon the contribution of individuals, and relatively more upon the cultural superorganic -- the accumulated knowledge and experience of the culture into which they are born.

For example, in regard to current debates regarding the nature of hypnosis and related experiences (Gibbons & Lynn, 2008; Gibbons & Woods, 2016), I would like to recommended Professor Frank Pajares' excellent outline and study guide  for Thomas S. Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Kuhn, 2012),  which has recently been published in its fiftieth anniversary edition. Of particular relevance are Pajares' notes on Chapter V, X, and the chapters which follow it.

Kuhn was frequently cited by the late Theodore X.Barber, the leader of the non-state view of hypnosis, which is currently expressed in Theodore R. Sarbin's Believed- in Imaginings.(DeRivera&Sarbin, 1998).


i got a good laugh (and an invitation to lunch) at a meeting of the American Psychological Association when, with Barber in the audience, I announced that many of the old-time hypnotists would no doubt regard me as a "Barberian!"


As Shakespeare said in his play, The Tempest, "The past is prologue" -- or, as a New York cab driver reportedly phrased it, "Brother, you ain't seen nothin' yet!"



References
Gibons, D. E., & Lynn, S. J. (2008). Hypnotic inductions: A primer. In Ruhe, J. W., Lynn, S. J., & Kirsch, I. (Eds.) Handbook of clinical hypnosis, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Assn.

Gibbons, D. E., & Woods, K. T. (2016) Virtual reality hypnosis: Exploring alternate and parallel universes. Amazon Books, 2016. (Both print and Kindleditions are available.) 

De Rveraa, J.,, & Sarbin, T.  R. (Eds.,  Believed-In Imaginings:he Narrative Construction of Reality. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1998

Kuhn, T. S. (2012). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 4th ed. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press





 

Thursday, May 4, 2017

CBT: A Scientific Method for Mastery of Life



Here's how to get off the merry-go-round!
According to the teachings of cognitive-behavioral psychology, it isn't what happens to you but what you believe about what happens to you, that causes you to be unhappy, depressed, afraid, angry, joyful, or excited.

We carry around with us a set of deep-seated beliefs about who and where we are and what is going on around us, which keeps us oriented to person, place, time, and events. When something happens, these beliefs generate "automatic thoughts," (or autosuggestions) which interpret what is going on and determine how we feel about it -- angry, anxious, afraid, or depressed, or some other emotion -- and they also determine how we react to it.. Automatic thoughts are not unconscious, but they usually occur so rapidly that we aren't aware of them unless we are trained to look for them. When we can identify exactly what these autosuggestions are, we can examine them and decide whether or not to replace them with others which constitute a more accurate assessment of reality, and therefore create long-lasting, adaptive changes in thinking, feeling, and emotion. 

The following lists may be viewed as a kind of "psychological first aid" for getting to the root of the false beliefs and false perceptions that we all have from time to time, and for taking positive action to keep them from coming back.     

Albert Ellis has put together a list of ten commonly-held beliefs about ourselves, the world, and the future, which prevent us from experiencing life to the fullest because they set us up ahead of time for failure and disappointment. They are all false, but many of us are inclined to at least occasionally believe them, at least occasionally.   

The Greek philosopher Epictitus said, "Men are disturbed not by events, but by the views which they take of them."Here is a list of inaccurate ways of looking at things, which might be clouding your view of the world. You can get rid of these irrational ideas by learning how to recognize and eliminate them.  

This free downloadable ABC Worksheet from www.smartrecovery.org can become your daily companion for taking control of your life in matters large and small. You can use it to make motivational and behavioral adjustments on everything from paying your bills on time, to stopping smoking, or deciding on which career path to follow. (If you don't have the necessary Adobe Acrobat Reader, you can also download it free of charge.)

It first asks you about the causes of something you would like to change in your life, and then asks about the emotional consequences which were the result, your beliefs about what happened (which operate as autosuggestions), what beliefs could be substituted for the ones which brought about the unpleasant results, and how those changed beliefs make you feel. You can write on the form itself, clearing and changing it as often as you like. Then, when you are finished, you can either print it out or save it as a text file, using a different form for each problem you would like to work on. To re-examine it or re-do each form that you have completed, just call up that particular file and continue to modify it as you progress. It could prove to be extremely helpful if you are willing to give it a try!

There are several other helpful aids to life management in their tools and  homework and articles and essays sections.

When the early successes of cognitive-behavioral psychology became apparent, the British National Health Service decided to create a Web site which would make this information available free of charge to all at www.getselfhelp.co.uk.  I don't believe that it is a Government Web ite any more, but it is still a treasure trove of cognitive-behavioral information, as indicated below. Cognitive-behavioral therapists frequently use a more specialized version of the ABC Worksheet, mentioned above, called a thought record in order to examine just what goes on in the mind when we make those habitual decisions that keep getting us into trouble . . . Here is what one looks like, and here is what it looks like all filled out,  (A slightly longer, seven-column version of the same form is also available.) You can make as many copies as you want for your own use by using the print command on your computer. They also have other free versions of the thought record form, adapted for special purposes. Since the links to many of the more specialized forms are always changing, I have not specifically listed them. But if you find the cognitive-behavioral approach useful, there is a veritable treasure trove of applications to be found at this site. I would encourage you to browse around in their site. You will not be disappointed.



 

Monday, May 1, 2017

Emergency First Aid for Panic Attacks

One of the worst things about having a panic attack is how frightened you are about having the next one. This will show you how help stop a panic attack while it is in progress. Please pass this information on to anyone who might be able to use it. You will be able to  prevent  a lot of needless suffering!   It is not intended to serve as a substitute for guidance from a duly licensed mental health professional, who can help you to understand and deal with the problems which brought about the panic attack in the first place.,  



Emergency First Aid for Panic Attacks

The best thing you can do during a flashback or panic attack is to ground yourself in the present. You can do this by using each of your five senses:

1. Look around you and name five things that you can see.

2.  Look around you and name four things that you can hear,

3,  Look around you and name three things that you can touch.

4.  Look around you and name two things that you can smell.

5.  Look around you and name one thing that you can taste.


This should gradually cause the panic attack to recede as you pay attention to the things in your environment and not to the memories that keep trying to flood into your awareness.

Confucius said, "The journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step." But once you have taken that step, you have to keep going. The two rules for success in any self-improvement program are: 1) Begin, and 2) Don't stop!  If you suffer from panic attacks, you should have plenty of motivation to follow both of these rules.

While methods of treatment may vary, It is generally agreed that the cognitive-behavioral approach is the fastest-growing orientation in psychology, with an ever-growing body of research behind it to demonstrate that it actually works. 

Cognitive-behavioral therapists frequently use a document called a panic attack thought record in order to help you get rid of the wrong ideas and wrong perceptions which may be contributing to your anxiety, and to alter the situations which trigger them. A summary of The "STOPP" technique, which has been referred to as "CBT in a nutshell," is available. There is also a free online self-help course and other materials on how to use them. You can make as many copies of the forms and other information as you want for your own use by using the print command on your computer. (Much of the foregoing information is available courtesy of www.getselfhelp.co.uk.)

Once you get the hang of it, if you continue to do these mental workouts as regularly as you would exercise physically in a gymnasium, you will eventually become able to think, feel, and act in a calm and confident manner in almost any situation. However, just as reading a book on surgery will not make you into a surgeon, and reading an exercise manual will not build muscles, merely reading a Blog posting on how to avoid having panic attacks will not be enough to enable you to teach you how to get rid of them. People who practice meditation, for example, do not hope to attain enlightenment merely by reading about it! By the same token, regular practice using the thought record for a variety of situations is the key to success. 
   
How to Identify a Panic Attack

How can you be sure that what you are concerned about is a panic attack and not something else? While an actual diagnosis should only be made by a duly-licensed mental halth professional, it may be helpful to knlow that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychitric Association (2013, p, 208) defines a panic attack as an abrupt surge of intense fear or intense discomfort that reaches a peak within minutes, and during which time four (or more) of the following symptoms occur:
  1. Palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate.
  2. Sweating.
  3. Trembling or shaking.
  4. Sensatons of shortness of breath or smothering.
  5. Feelings of choking.
  6. Chest pain or discomfort.
  7. Nausea or abdominal distress.
  8. Feeling dizzy, unsteady, light-headed, or faint.
  9. Chills or heat sensations.
  10. Paresthesias (numbness or tingling sensations).
  11. Derealization (feelings of unreality) or depersonalization (being detached from oneself).
  12. Fear of losing control or "going crazy."
  13. Fear of dying.
For at least a month after the panic attack, either or both of the following must take place: a) the person is extremely worried that either the panic attack itself, or what he or she was so afraid of while the panic attack was going on (losing control or going crazy), is going to happen again; and/or b) the person makes a "significant, maladaptive change in behavior"  in order to keep the panic attack from recurring, "such as avoiding exercise or unfamiliar situations." 

To meet the definition of a panic attack, the symptoms cannot result from a drug reaction, nor can they be a symptom of something else such as schizophrenia.x

Reference

American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Arlingron, VA, American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: (CBT) Online Downloads

You can get rid of the false beliefs and  perceptions
 that make life diffiicult -- if you go sbout it in the right way!.
The Greek philosopher Epictitus said, "Men are disturbed not by events, but by the views which they take of them." Fast-forward to the Twenty First Century. Cognitive-behavioral psychology teaches that these disturbing views are made up of  False Beliefs that are Driving You Crazy and False Perceptions that are Driving You Crazy.

The initial results which were reported by both researchers and practitioners in the area of cognitive behavioral psychology were so encouraging that the British National Health Service decided to make cognitively based self-help  information available to everyone in the U.K. at either no cost or a nominal fee. This well-intentioned effort was not entirely successful, of course. But if the results were this promising, they are definitely worth a look by anyone who is seriously interested in self-improvement. Although this is not an official government Web site, a vast amount of self-help information is still available at www.getselfhelp.co.uk.